What Is Govardhan Puja?

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In the vibrant tapestry of Hindu festivals, Govardhan Puja shines as a celebration that encapsulates gratitude, devotion, and an awareness of the environment. Also known as Annakut or Annakoot, this auspicious day marks the reverence for nature’s bounty and the divine relationship between humanity and the Earth. In this blog post, we will delve into the significance, rituals, and deeper meanings of Govardhan Puja, a festival that resonates with both spiritual and ecological values.

What Is Govardhan Puja?

Govardhan Puja is observed on the fourth day of Diwali, the festival of lights, which typically falls in October or November. The festival commemorates a legendary event from the Hindu epic, the Bhagavata Purana. According to the legend, Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers of Vrindavan from the torrential rain sent by Lord Indra, the god of rain. This act symbolizes Krishna’s compassion for all living beings and his emphasis on the significance of nature in sustaining life.

Rituals And Traditions

  1. Annakut Preparation: The highlight of Govardhan Puja is the creation of an “Annakut,” which translates to “a mountain of food.” Devotees prepare a lavish spread of vegetarian dishes, sweets, fruits, and other offerings, symbolizing the gratitude for the Earth’s abundance.
  2. Govardhan Hill Replica: In many homes and temples, a replica of the Govardhan Hill is created using cow dung or clay. The hill is then adorned with various food items and decorative elements.
  3. Pujas and Aartis: Special pujas (rituals) are performed to invoke blessings from Lord Krishna and express gratitude for his protection. Aartis (devotional songs) are sung, and lamps are lit to symbolize the victory of light over darkness.
  4. Offerings to Cows: Cows hold a special place in Hindu culture, symbolizing divine and maternal qualities. On this day, cows are adorned with colorful decorations and offered special treats as a gesture of reverence.
  5. Community Celebrations: Govardhan Puja is often celebrated in temples and local communities with great enthusiasm. People come together to participate in the rituals, enjoy the Annakut feast, and share the joy of the festival.

Spiritual And Environmental Significance

  1. Gratitude: Govardhan Puja teaches us the importance of acknowledging the Earth’s blessings and showing gratitude for the resources that sustain us.
  2. Symbiotic Relationship: The legend of Lord Krishna lifting the hill symbolizes the interconnectedness of humanity, nature, and divinity. It emphasizes the need to maintain a harmonious relationship with the environment.
  3. Conservation Awareness: The festival highlights the need for environmental conservation and responsible use of resources. It encourages individuals to adopt sustainable practices and respect nature.
  4. Selfless Service: Govardhan Puja inspires selfless acts of service and compassion, mirroring Lord Krishna’s act of protecting the villagers.


Govardhan Puja is a beautiful reminder of the deep connections between spirituality, nature, and human existence. As we celebrate this festival, we embrace the teachings of gratitude, compassion, and environmental consciousness. By honoring the Earth’s abundance and practicing responsible stewardship, we align ourselves with the divine principles that underpin the festival, fostering a world that cherishes the beauty of creation and upholds the values of compassion and harmony.

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Why Is Govardhan Puja Celebrated?

Govardhan Puja celebrates the mythological story of Lord Krishna lifting up the hill of Govardhan to provide shelter to villagers from the torrential rains that were lashing the area. The festival is celebrated as an act of gratitude to Lord Krishna to this day.

Why Is Govardhan Puja Done After Diwali?

Reason Why We Celebrate Diwali Govardhan Puja

It is believed that after this, Lord Krishna himself ordered 56 Bhog on the day of Kartik Shukla Pratipada to worship Govardhan Parvat. Since then, the practice of Govardhan Puja continues to this day, and every year the festival of Govardhan Puja is celebrated.

How Is Govardhan Puja Related To Diwali?

The festival of Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the next day of the festival of Diwali. It signifies the day when Lord Krishna uplifted the Govardhan Parvat to save the people of Vrindavan from torrential rain.

What Is The Importance Of Govardhan?

According to Hindu mythology, Govardhan puja is observed in the victory of Lord Krishna over Lord Indra. Lord Krishna, with a motive to save the entire village from the heavy rainfall, lifted the Govardhan parvat to provide shelter to the people.

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