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In the heart of South Asia, particularly in India and Nepal, the monsoon season heralds the arrival of a vibrant and joyous festival known as Teej. This annual celebration, observed by women, holds deep cultural and religious significance. In this blog, we’ll explore what Teej is, its history, customs, and the spirit of festivity that surrounds it.
What Is Teej?
Teej is a Hindu festival celebrated primarily by women to honor the union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It falls during the Hindu month of Shravan (usually July or August) and extends over several days. The festival’s name “Teej” is believed to be derived from the small red insect called “Teej” that emerges during the monsoon season.
The Three Types Of Teej
Teej is celebrated in three different forms:
- Hariyali Teej: This Teej marks the onset of the monsoon season and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Women dress in green attire, sing folk songs, and swing on decorated swings.
- Kajari Teej: Observed after the full moon in the month of Bhadrapada (August), Kajari Teej signifies the ripening of crops. Women decorate their hands with henna (mehndi) and worship the moon.
- Hartalika Teej: Celebrated with grandeur, this Teej is observed on the third day of the first fortnight in the month of Bhadrapada. It is a fasting day when married women pray for the well-being of their husbands and families.
Customs And Traditions
- Fasting: One of the most common customs during Teej is fasting. Women, particularly married ones, abstain from food and water for the day, praying for the longevity and prosperity of their spouses.
- Mehndi: Applying intricate mehndi designs on hands and feet is a beloved Teej tradition. The deep red color of mehndi symbolizes the bond of love between couples.
- Swinging: Women, both young and old, enjoy swinging on beautifully adorned swings, often suspended from trees. This is a symbol of joy and celebration, as well as a way to embrace the season’s refreshing rains.
- Worship: Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati witness an influx of devotees during Teej. Married women offer prayers, light lamps, and seek blessings for their families.
- Music and Dance: Folk songs and traditional dances, like the “Ghoomar” in Rajasthan, are an integral part of Teej celebrations. Women gather to sing and dance to the rhythmic beats of dholak (drums).
Significance And Joy
Teej is not just a religious or cultural event; it is a celebration of love, devotion, and the beauty of married life. It reinforces the importance of relationships and family bonds. It also provides a platform for women to express their creative talents through singing, dancing, and mehndi art.
Teej is a kaleidoscope of colors, traditions, and devotion that brings together communities in India and Nepal. It is a festival where women rejoice in their roles as wives, mothers, and daughters while celebrating the eternal love story of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Beyond its religious and cultural significance, Teej is a testament to the enduring spirit of festivity and the deep-rooted traditions that continue to shape the cultural fabric of South Asia.
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What Is Teej And Why It Is Celebrated?
Teej marks the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and is dedicated to the divine couple. It falls during the monsoon season, symbolising the greenery or “hariyali” that the rain brings with it. The festival is celebrated primarily by women and has a number of customs and rituals associated with it.
Why Do Girls Celebrate Teej?
Unmarried girls and women observe Teej fasting to be blessed by Goddess Parvati in order to get a good husband. Both married and unmarried celebrate Teej as it is a way to gather together, sing, dance and share their feelings.
What Are The 2 Types Of Teej?
In Hinduism Hariyali Teej and Haritalika Teej are two different festivals. Even though they both are related to the union of Lord Shiva and Maa Parvati.
What Happens In Teej Puja?
Hartalika Teej is celebrated by women seeking long life and prosperity for their husbands. Unmarried women perform this Puja to seek a husband, just like Lord Shiva. On this day, makeshift statues of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are made with the sand and worshiped for marital bliss and progeny.
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